Clay Polymer Nanocomposites
Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more
This book provides a comprehensive collection of the latest information on nanomaterials and nanocomposites. It covers material synthesis, processing, structure characterization, properties and applications. It presents a coherent treatment of how composite properties depend on nanostructure, and covers cutting-edge topics like bionanocomposites for sustainable development. This book summarizes many developments in the field making it an ideal resource for researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions.
There have been important developments in the last decade: computers are faster and more powerful, code features are enhanced and more efficient, and larger molecules can be studied OCo not only in vacuum but also in a solvent or in crystal. Researchers are using new techniques to study larger systems and obtain more accurate results. This is impetus for the development of more efficient methods based on the first-principle multi-level simulations appropriate for complex species. Among the cutting-edge methods and studies reviewed in this decennial volume of the series are the Density Functional Theory (DFT) method, vibrational electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), computational models of the reaction rate theory, the nuclear magnetic resonance triplet wavefunction model (NMRTWM) and biological reactions that benefit from computational studies. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: One-Electron Equations for Embedded Electron Density: Challenge for Theory and Practical Payoffs in Multi-Level Modelling of Complex Polyatomic Systems (30 KB). Contents: One-Electron Equations for Embedded Electron Density: Challenge for Theory and Practical Payoffs in Multi-Level Modeling of Complex Polyatomic Systems (T A Wesolowski); Density-Functional Based Investigation of Molecular Magnets (M R Pederson et al.); Vibrational Spectra by Electron Impact: Theoretical Models for Intensities (P Cirsky & R Cur k); Theoretical Description of the Kinetics of Gas-Phase Reactions Important in Atmospheric Chemistry (J T Jodkowski); Predicting and Understanding the Signs of One- and Two-Bond Spin-Spin Coupling Constants across X-H-Y Hydrogen Bonds (J E Del Bene & J Elguero); Towards the Elucidation of the Activation of Cisplatin in Anticancer Treatment (J V Burda et al.). Readership: Upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, academics, researchers and professionals in computational chemistry, physics and biology."
Calcined Clays for Sustainable Concrete
This volume focuses on research and practical issues linked to Calcined Clays for Sustainable Concrete. The main subjects are geology of clays, hydration and performance of blended system with calcined clays, alkali activated binders, economic and environmental impacts of the use of calcined clays in cement based materials. Topics addressed in this book include the influence of processing on reactivity of calcined clays, influence of clay mineralogy on reactivity, geology of clay deposits, Portland-calcined clay systems, hydration, durability, performance, Portland-calcined clay-limestone systems, hydration, durability, performance, calcined clay-alkali systems, life cycle analysis, economics and environmental impact of use of calcined clays in cement and concrete and field applications. This book compiles the different contributions of the 1st International Conference on Calcined Clays for Sustainable Concrete, which took place in Lausanne, Switzerland, June, 23-25, 2015.The papers present the latest research in their field. It contains nearly 80 papers and abstracts. Overall, this work gives a broad view of research on calcined clays in the field of construction and will stimulate further research into calcined clays for sustainable concrete.
Noble Metal Nanoparticles
This book introduces the reader the chemistry of reaction approaches by which noble metal nanoparticles are synthesized, including synthetic approaches using the Brust–Schiffrin method , a high-temperature solution-phase synthesis, polymer and biological entities, weak and strong reducing and capping agents, the low and high temperatures, various additives and various novel approaches such as plasma, ionic liquids, UV light and gamma rays and others. This book starts with a brief overview of foundation work concerned with the chapter topics such as nanomaterials, nanoscience, surface-capping molecules, traditional and nontraditional reduction agents, In addition, chemical and physical properties of noble metal nanoparticles with different structures and elements such as monolayered clusters, nanorods, and bimetallic nanoparticles are described comprehensively. The aim is to summarize the fundamentals and mechanistic approaches in the preparation and characterization of metal colloidal nanoparticles and dispersions. In this way the reader is provided with a systematic and coherent picture of the interesting field of nanoscience based on noble metal colloidal nanoparticles. Intended as a wide-ranging overview, the book is a resource for novices in the field as well as for specialists, particularly those scientists working in the area of nanoparticle synthesis. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are discussed from the chemist’s point of view. Therefore, this volume describes in detail the terms, definitions, theories, experiments, and techniques dealing with the synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles. The material presented here is essential reading for research chemists, technologists, and engineers in the fields of specialty nanomaterials and metal industries, and also is highly valuable for researchers in university, institutional, and governmental laboratories, especially for those at advanced stages of their careers.
Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research
Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Volume 2 is the second book in a series devoted entirely to conjugated linoleic acid. This book has updated information on the analysis, biochemistry and applications of conjugated fatty acids in an attempt to make Volume 2, in conjunction with Volume 1 (published in 1999), the most comprehensive, up-to-date sources of CLA-related information available today. Both scientific and commercial views are presented, with the same data sometimes interpreted differently.
Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office
United States. Patent Office A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Thomas Register of American Manufacturers
A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Thomas Register of American Manufacturers Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Through Nanotechnology
Reflecting the rapid growth of nanotechnology research and the potential impact of the growing energy crisis, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Through Nanotechnology provides comprehensive coverage of cutting-edge research in the energy-related fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology, which aim to improve energy efficiency and the generation of renewable energy. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Through Nanotechnology tightly correlates nanotechnology with energy issues in a general, comprehensive way that makes it not only suitable as a desk reference for research, but also as a knowledge resource for the non-expert general public. Readers will find Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Through Nanotechnology useful in a variety of ways, ranging from the creation of energy policy, to energy research development, and to education in nanotechnology and its application to energy-related problems. It can also be used as a primary or supplementary textbook for energy-related courses for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
Manufacturing Technology for Aerospace Structural Materials
The rapidly-expanding aerospace industry is a prime developer and user of advanced metallic and composite materials in its many products. This book concentrates on the manufacturing technology necessary to fabricate and assemble these materials into useful and effective structural components. Detailed chapters are dedicated to each key metal or alloy used in the industry, including aluminum, magnesium, beryllium, titanium, high strength steels, and superalloys. In addition the book deals with composites, adhesive bonding and presents the essentials of structural assembly. This book will be an important resource for all those involved in aerospace design and construction, materials science and engineering, as well as for metallurgists and those working in related sectors such as the automotive and mass transport industries. Flake Campbell Jr has over thirty seven years experience in the aerospace industry and is currently Senior Technical Fellow at the Boeing Phantom Works in Missouri, USA. * All major aerospace structural materials covered: metals and composites * Focus on details of manufacture and use * Author has huge experience in aerospace industry * A must-have book for materials engineers, design and structural engineers, metallurgical engineers and manufacturers for the aerospace industry